Ethical Foundations for Attorneys


October 11, 2024:  8:30 am – 4:30 pm

Regardless of the system that one personally adheres to, understanding all three ethical systems will enable the students to recognize the approaches taken by others in their professions and better evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of their approaches.

*For non-lawyer discount, see below.


October 11, 2024 | 8:30am-4:30pm


PACLE approved 3 Substantive, 3.5 Ethics

Ohio CLE pending 3.5 General, 3 APC

WV CLE pending 7.8 Total, 3.6 Legal Ethics


*For Non-Lawyers: use coupon code “CourseOnly” for $50 off – if you want to attend the course and do not need the CLE credit.

*For Student rate, please email: [email protected] 


Evaluating ethical issues is a central component in the professional life of a criminal justice professional – law enforcement, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and judges.  Fundamental to those evaluations is a firm understanding of the basic ethical theories the ground nearly all ethical arguments.  This course will examine the three primary ethical systems: Virtue Ethics, Duty-Based Ethics (Deontology), and Utilitarianism.  Participants in this course will have an opportunity to discuss real-life ethical dilemmas and analyze them through the lens of each of the three systems.  Regardless of the system that one personally adheres to, understanding all three ethical systems will enable the students to recognize the approaches taken by others in their professions and better evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of their approaches.  The course will conclude with a discussion of the approach of Saint Thomas Aquinas in making ethical arguments.  Far from being just one framework among others, Aquinas’ approach has practical applications in everything from funding and training requests to review of probable cause.

The course shall be a one-day event held on Franciscan’s beautiful campus and includes continental breakfast & light lunch.


Presenter: Lieutenant Paul Boyles III

Paul Boyles has been employed by the Lexington Police Department since February of 2006.  He was promoted to the rank of Sergeant in February of 2014, and to the rank of Lieutenant in September of 2016.  He has held supervisory positions in Patrol as a Field Training Officer, Sergeant, and Lieutenant, and in Investigations as a supervisor of the Crimes Against Children Unit.  In May of 2018 he was appointed to a position in the Public Integrity Unit (Internal Affairs), where he served as an Investigator, Inspector, and Court Liaison.  He has also assisted the Traffic Section with the coordination and supervision of a variety of traffic details, including two Presidential and one Vice-Presidential motorcades, as well as the planning and supervision of other large-scale events.  From May of 2020 through August of 2022, Lieutenant Boyles served as the lieutenant in the Bureau of Investigations, Personal Crimes Section supervising the Robbery, Homicide, and Violent Crimes Units.  He has since returned to duty as a Patrol Lieutenant, bringing his experience back to serve a new generation of officers.

Prior to joining the Lexington Police Department, Lieutenant Boyles attended the University of Kentucky and was pursuing a Ph.D. in Philosophy, with a focus on ethical theory.  He earned his Master’s Degree and completed his coursework toward a Ph.D. before joining the department.  He has since resumed his studies at the University of Kentucky.  Lieutenant Boyles has developed and taught a variety of courses in philosophy, police ethics, and, investigations at the University of Kentucky, Morehead State University, Eastern Kentucky University, and the Bluegrass Community and Technical College.  Since 2016 he has assisted the Institute for Law Enforcement Administration in Plano, Texas as an instructor for their Ethics Train-the-Trainer course.

Lieutenant Boyles also heads the Lexington Police Department Police Ethics program.  He teaches ethics courses for In-Service Training, Recruit Training, as well as ethics blocks of instruction for various specialized programs within the department.  Lieutenant Boyles is also an instructor for Kentucky Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training course, a program for helping officers assist those suffering crisis due to mental illnesses.



Time Schedule

8:30–9:00   Introductions and Course Overview
9:00–9:50   The Virtue Ethics Framework
9:50–10:00   Break
10:00–10:50   The Duty-Based Ethics (Deontological) Framework
10:50–11:00   Break
11:00–12:00   The Utilitarian Framework
12:00–1:00   Lunch
1:00–2:00   Breakout Session: Case Discussions and Evaluations
2:00–2:50   Case Presentations and Full Class Discussion
2:50–3:00   Break
3:00–4:00   The Thomistic Method and It’s Practical Applications
4:00–4:30   Concluding Remarks


Check Payment Policy:

If you prefer to pay by check, a $40 deposit or full payment is required to be sent in before a seat is reserved.

Cancellation Fee:

Due to the costs associated with our course offerings, the Center has implemented a 25% cancellation fee. Those costs relate to food and beverages purchased in advance and the fees we need pay to outside presenters.  Cancellation fees will apply to those that do not show up for the course or those who cancel ahead of its offering. The Center appreciates your understanding.


*All courses are approved for continuing legal education by state authorizing bodies and are not courses for academic credit.